Ayuso, S. and Navarrete-Báez, F.E. (2017) How does entrepreneurial and international orientation inﬂuence SMEs’ commitment to sustainable development? Empirical evidence from Spain and Mexico, Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, published online first, 10.1002/csr.1441
This paper aims to shed light on the relationship between the entrepreneurial behaviour of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and their commitment to sustainable development (SD). In order to analyse the determinants of SD engagement at the organisational level, we draw on the resource-based view of the ﬁrm and examine speciﬁcally the effects of entrepreneurial orientation and internationalisation, using survey data from Spanish and Mexican SMEs. Our results reveal that entrepreneurial orientation is positively associated with SD engagement, particularly regarding the environment, human resources, and community involvement. However, we could only observe a positive effect of SME internationalisation on SD engagement in Mexican but not in Spanish ﬁrms, suggesting that this effect is context-dependent and related to institutional pressures. We discuss the implications of these ﬁndings for scholars and practitioners.